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Richard E. Spieler

Richard Spieler
Professor Emeritus
Dept. of Marine and Environmental Sciences
(954) 262-3613


  • B.A. - University Maryland
  • B.S . - Arkansas State University
  • M.S. - Arkansas State University
  • Ph.D. - Louisiana State University

Area(s) of Research

Our lab works almost exclusively with fishes with emphasis on distribution and restoration as well as anatomy, physiology, natural history, and behavior. Studies run the gamut from neuroendocrine function to circadian rhythms to determinants of distribution to artificial reef function. To date these studies have resulted in 6 Ph.D. dissertations and 16 M.S. theses.

Current students

Ph.D. Candidates

  • Dan Fahy
  • Kirk Kilfoyle
  • Erick De Micco
  • Judy Robinson

M.S. Students

  • Mark Rogers
  • Brian Buskirk

Paddack, M.J., J.D. Reynolds, C. Aguilar, R.S. Appeldoorn, J. Beets, E. W. Burkett, P.M. Chittaro, K. Clarke, R. Esteves, A.C. Fonseca, G.E. Forrester, A.M. Friedlander, J. García-Sais, G. González-Sanson, L. K.B. Jordan, D.B. McClellan, M.W. Miller, P.P. Molloy, P.J. Mumby, I.Nagelkerken, M.Nemeth, R. Navas-Camacho, J. Pitt, N.V.C. Polunin, M.C. Reyes-Nivia, D. R.Robertson, A. Rodríguez-Ramírez, E.Salas, S.R. Smith, R. E. Spieler, M.A. Steele, I.D. Williams, C.L. Wormald, A.R. Watkinson, and I.M. Côté. 2009. Recent region-wide declines in Caribbean reef fish abundance. Current Biology 19:1-6.

Walker B.K., Jordan L.K.B., and Spieler R.S. 2009. Relationship of fish assemblages and topographic complexity on southeastern Florida coral reef habitats. JCR special Coastal LIDAR edition. in press.

Basten BL, Sherman RL, Lametschwandtner A, Spieler RE. 2007. A unique configuration among the efferent branchial arteries and splanchnic arteries in the yellow stingray,Urobatis jamaicensis: a preliminary examination. Microsc Microanal (in Press).

Morley D.M., R.L. Sherman, L.K.B. Jordan, K.W. Banks, T.P. Quinn, and R.E. Spieler.2008. Environmental Enhancement Gone Awry: Characterization of an Artificial Reef Constructed From Waste Vehicle Tires. Environmental Problems in Coastal Regions. VII: 73-87

Avalos, M.A.R., Jordan, L.K.B., Walker, B.K., Gilliam, D.S., Elvira Hinojosa, E.C., and Richard E. Spieler, R.E. 2007. Fish and Coral Reef Communities of the Parque Nacional Sistema Arrecifal Veracruzano (Veracruz Coral Reef System National Park) Veracruz, Mexico: Preliminary Results. Proc. Gulf and Caribbean Fisheries Instit. 60: 427-435.

Basten, B.L., Sherman, R.L. and Spieler, R.E. 2007. Examination of Gill Development in the Yellow Stingray, Urobatis jamaicensis: Initial Impressions. Proceedings of International Workshop on Advances in Vascular Casting

Basten BL, Sherman RL, Lametschwandtner A, Spieler RE. 2007. A unique arterial anastomosis among the efferent branchial arteries and the dorsal aorta in the yellow stingray, Urobatis jamaicensis: a preliminary examination. Microsc Microanal 13(Suppl 2):498-499

Arena, P.T., Jordan, L.K.B., and R.E. Spieler. 2006. Fish assemblages on sunken-vessels and natural reefs in southeast Florida, U.S.A. Hydrobiologia. 580: 157-171.

Fahy, E. G., Dodge, R. E., Fahy, D. P., Quinn, T. P., Gilliam, D. S., and R. E. Spieler. 2006. Growth and survivorship of scleractinian coral transplants and the effectiveness of plugging core holes in transplant donor colonies. Proc. 10th International Coral Reef Symposium, 1657-1664.

Fahy, D.P., Richard E. Spieler and William C. Hamlett. Preliminary observations on the reproductive cycle and uterine fecundity of the yellow stingray, Urobatis jamaicensis, (chondrichthyes: elasmobranchii: myliobatiformes: urolophidae) in Southeast Florida, U.S.A. Raffles Bull Zool. (in press)

Jordan, L.K.B., and R.E. Spieler. 2006. Implications of natural variation of fish assemblages to coral reef management. Proc. 10th Int. Coral Reef Sym. 1391-1395.

Sherman, R.L. and R.E. Spieler. 2006 Tires: unstable materials for artificial reef construction. WIT Transactions on Ecology and the Environment vol 88: Environmental Problems in Coastal Regions. 215-223.

Jordan, Lance K.B., David S. Gilliam and Richard E. Spieler. 2005 Effects of module spacing on the formation and maintenance of fish assemblages on artificial reefs. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology. 326, 170-186.

Dere, E., M. A. De Souza-Silva, B. Topic, R.E. Spieler, J.S. Lin, H.L. Haas and J.P. Huston. 2004. Changes in motoric, exploratory and emotional behaviors and neuronal ACh content and 5-HT turnover in histidine-decarboxylase KO-mice. European J. Neurosci. 20: 1051-1058.

Baron, R.M., L.K.B. Jordan and Richard E. Spieler. 2004. Characterization of the marine fish assemblage associated with the nearshore hardbottom of Broward County Florida, USA.Estuar Coast Shelf Sci. 60: 431-443.

Dere E, M.A. De-Souza-Silva, B. Topic, R.E. Spieler, H.L. Haas and JP Huston. 2003. Histidine-decarboxylase knockout mice show deficient nonreinforced episodic object memory, improved negatively reinforced water-maze performance, and increased neo- and ventro-striatal dopamine turnover. Learn Mem 10:510-519.

Arena, P.T., Jordan, L.K.B., Sherman, R.L., Harttung, F.M. and R.E. Spieler. 2002. Presence of Juvenile Blackfin Snapper, Lutjanus buccanella, and Snowy Grouper, Epinephelus niveatus, on Shallow-water Artificial Reefs. Proceedings of the 55th Gulf and Caribbean Fisheries Institute 55: 700-712

Burns, T.A., J.P. Huston and R.E. Spieler. 2002. Circadian variation of brain histamine in goldfish. Brain Res. Bull. 59(4): 299-301.

Walker, B., B.Henderson and RE. Spieler. 2002. Fish assemblages associated with artificial reefs of concrete aggregates or quarry stone offshore Miami Beach, Florida USA. Aquat. Living Resour. 15: 95-105.

Spieler R.E. 2001. Circadian Timing of Meal-Feeding and Growth in Fishes. Reviews in Fisheries Science. 9(3): 115-131.

Sherman, R.L., D.S.Gilliam and R.E. Spieler. 2001. Site-dependant differences in artificial reef function: Implications for coral reef restoration. Bull. Mar. Sci. 69 (2):1053-1056.

Spieler R., D. Gilliam, and R. Sherman. 2001. Artificial substrate and coral reef restoration: What do we need to know to know what we need. Bull. Mar. Sci. 69(2): 1013-1030.

Sherman, R.L., Gilliam, D.S. and R.E. Spieler. 2001. Artificial reef design: void space, complexity and attractants. ICES Journal of Marine Science. 59(s): S196-S200.

Manire, C., R. Hueter, E. Hull, R. Spieler, 2001: Serological changes associated with gill-net capture and restraint in three species of sharks. Trans. Am. Fish Soc. 130 (6), 1038-1048.

Sherman, R.L., D.S. Gilliam and R.E. Spieler. 2001. Effects of refuge size and complexity on recruitment and fish assemblage formation on small artificial reefs. Proc. 52nd Annual Gulf Caribb. Fish. Instit. 455-467.

Mattioli, R., J.P.Huston, and R.E. Spieler.2000. ACTH4-10, Substance P and Dizolcipine (MK-801). Accelerate Functional Recovery After Hemilabyrinthectomy in Goldfish. Neuroplasticity. 7(4): 291-301.

Hull, E., C. Manire, R. Hueter and R. Spieler. Serological changes in three species of sharks associated with capture and restraint. (In manuscript).

Nelson C.A., R. Mattioli, J.P. Huston and R.E. Spieler. 1998. The effects of the H 1 histamine antagonist chlorpheniramine on learning and memory in goldfish, Carassius auratus.(submitted).

Spieler R., D. Gilliam, R. Sherman, K. Banks, C. Corbett-Elder and L. Jordan. Artificial Reef Research In Broward County: The Last Six Years. IN: Florida Artificial Reef Summit 1998. Horn, W. (Ed). Florida Dept. Environ. Protection. (in press).

Heilman M.J. and R.E. Spieler. The daily feeding rhythm to demand feeders and the effects of timed meal-feeding on the growth of juvenile Florida pompano, Trachinotus carolinus.Aquaculture(in press).

Hamlett, W.C., M. Jezior and R. Spieler. Ultrastructural analysis of folliculogenesis in the ovary of the yellow spotted stingray, Urolophus jamaicensisAnnals of Anat. J. Elisha Mitchell Sci. Soc. (in press).

Hamlett, W.C., M.K. Hysell, J. Galvin and R. Spieler. Reproductive accommodations for gestation in the Atlantic guitarfish, Rhinobatoslentiginosus.

Sherman, R.L., D.S. Gilliam and R.E. Spieler. A preliminary examination of depth associated spatial variation in fish assemblages on small artificial reefs. Jour. Of Appl. Ichth. (In Press)

Sherman, R.L., D.S. Gilliam and R.E. Spieler. Differences in length estimates in fish census data among experienced researchers. Proceed. International Workshop: Fish Visual Census in Marine Protected Areas. Sicilian Naturalist. (In Press).

Sherman, R.L. and R.E. Spieler. Examination of gill vasculature of the Yellow Stingray (Urolophus jamaicensis), by SEM observations of resin casts. Proceed. Ninth International Congress of European Ichthyologists & quot;Fish Biodiversity". Ital. Journal of Zool. (In Press)

Mattioli, R; CA; Nelson, JP; Huston, RE. Spieler, 1998. Conditioned place-preference analysis in the goldfish with the H-1 histamine antagonist chlorpheniramine. Brain Research Bulletin. 45 (1 ):41-44.

Gilliam, D., K. Banks and R.E. Spieler. 1995. Evaluation of a tire-concrete aggregate for artificial reef construction. ECOSET Proc. 1: 345-350.

Spieler, R.E., Albert C. Russo and Daniel N. Weber. 1995. Waterborne lead affects circadian variations of brain neurotransmitters in fathead minnows. Bull. Environ. Contamin. Toxicol.55: 412-418.

*Spieler, R.E., D.S. Gilliam, K. Banks, and B. Mostkoff, 1994. Evaluation of a novel material for recycling tires into artificial reefs: A work in progress. Conf. of Florida Dept. of Environ. Protection and the Organization for Artificial Reefs, May 4-6, 1994, Tallahassee, FL, 107-117.

*Weber, D.N. and R.E. Spieler, 1994. Behavioral mechanisms of metal toxicity in fishes. In:Molecular Biological Approaches to Aquatic Toxicology, D.C. Malins and G.M. Ostrander, Eds. Lewis Publishers, Inc. Boca Raton, FL, 421-467.

Spieler, R.E., 1992. Circadian rhythms in fishes and their implications for research. IN: The Care and Use of Amphibians, Reptiles and Fish in Research. Schaeffer, D.O., Kleinow, K.M. and Krulisch, L.,Eds., Scientists Center for Animal Welfare, Bethesda, MD, 161-166.

Spieler, R.E., 1992. Feeding entrained circadian rhythms in fishes. IN: Rhythms in Fishes, Ali, M.A. (Ed.). Plenum. New York, NY, 137-147.

*Weber, D.N., S. Eisch, R.E. Spieler, and D.H. Petering, 1992. Metal redistribution in largemouth bass ( Micropterus salmoides) in response to restrainment stress and dietary cadmium: role of metallothionein and other metal-binding proteins. Comp. Biochem. Physiol., 101C(2), 255-262.

*Spieler, R.E. and D.N. Weber, 1991. Effects of waterborne lead on circulating thyroid hormones and cortisol in rainbow trout. Med. Sci. Res., 19, 477.

*Weber, D.N., A.Russo, D.B. Seale and R.E. Spieler, 1991. Waterborne lead affects feeding abilities and neurotransmitter levels of juvenile fathead minnows ( Pimephales promelas).Aquatic Toxicology, 21, 71-80.

*Petering, D.H., M.S. Goodrich, W. Hodgeman, S. Krezoski, D. Weber, C.F. Shaw III, R.E. Spieler, and L.D. Zettergren, 1990. Metal-binding proteins and peptides for the detection of heavy metals in aquatic environments. IN: Biomarkers for Environmental Contamination, McCarthy, J. and Schugart, L. (Eds.) Lewis Publishers, Inc., Boca Raton, FL pp. 239-254.

Spieler, Richard E. 1989. Chronobiology and Aquaculture: Neglected Opportunities. IN:Chronobiology: Its Role in Clinical Medicine, General Biology and Agriculture, Part B. Pauly, J., Reiter, R. and Hays, D. (Eds.), Alan R. Liss Inc., New York,NY. pp 905-920.

Spieler, Richard E. and John J. Cloughterty. 1989. Free-running locomotor rhythms of feeding-entrained goldfish. Zool. Sci. 6:313-316.

Spieler, Richard E., 1988. The vanishing minnow and other fish stories. LORE, 38(1), 28-30.

Weber, Daniel N. and Richard E. Spieler, 1987. Effects of the light-dark cycle and scheduled feeding on behavioral and reproductive rhythms of the cyprinodont fish, Medaka, Oryzias latipesExperientia, 43, 621-624.

Spieler, Richard E., Teresa A. Noeske-Hallin, Teresa A. DeRosier and Hugh A. Poston, 1987. Some dietary amino acids and meal-feeding phase shifts of locomotor activity. Med. Sci. Res., 15, 921-922.

Noeske-Hallin, Teresa A., Richard E. Spieler, Nick C. Parker, Mary Anna Suttle, 1985. Feeding time differentially affects fattening and growth of channel catfish. J. Nutr., 115, 1228-1232.

Emata, A. C., Albert H. Meier, Richard Spieler, 1985. Temporal variations in gonadal and body fat responses to daily injections of 5-HTP and DOPA in gulf killifish, Fundulus grandisExp. Zool., 235, 29-35.

Jordan, L.K.B., K.C., Lindeman, and R.E. Spieler. 2008 Depth-variable predation in post-settlement stages of coral reef fishes. 11 ICRS, Ft Lauderdale FL.

Kilfoyle, K., M.A. Rangel, R.E. Dodge, and R.E. Spieler. 2008. Coral reef restoration: Standardized module intervention and monitoring program in Mexico, preliminary results. 11 ICRS, Ft Lauderdale FL.

Robinson, J., L. Robinson, B. Buskirk, and R.E. Spieler. 2008. Effects of a novel invertebrate substrate on fish assemblages associated with concrete modules. 11 ICRS, Ft Lauderdale FL.

Freeman, J.A., T.P. Quinn, L.K.B.. Jordan, K. Kilfoyle, and R.E. Spieler. 2008. Comparison of fish assemblages between mitigation boulder reef and neighboring natural hardbottom in Broward County, Florida, USA. 11 ICRS, Ft Lauderdale FL.

Morley, D.M., R.L. Sherman, L.K.B., Jordan, K. Banks, and R.E. Spieler. 2008. Restoring an artificial "enhancement": baseline data to assess strategy effectiveness and future mitigation. 11 ICRS, Ft Lauderdale FL.

Patterson, B.R., L.K.B. Jordan, D.R. Bryan, and R.E. Spieler. 2008. A comparison of reef fish assemblages on the east and west side of Eleuthera, Bahamas. 11 ICRS, Ft Lauderdale FL.

Sherman, R.L., Jordan, L.K.B., and Spieler, R.E. 2006. Tires: unstable materials for artificial reef construction. Sixth International Conference on Environmental Problems in Coastal Regions Including Oil and Chemical Spill Studies. June 5-7, Rhodes, Greece.

Patterson, R.B., Jordan, L.K.B., Sherman, R.L., Arena, P.T. and Spieler, R.E. 2006.A Comparison of Reef Fish Assemblages on the East and West Sides of Central Eleuthera, Bahamas. Fisheries Society of the British Isles Annual International Symposium. July 10-14, Aberdeen, Scotland.

Sherman, R.L., Lametschwandtner, A., and R.E. Spieler. 2005. Structural Variation In Gill Vasculature Among Some Batiod Elasmobranchs Examined Using Corrosion Casting And SEM. Microscopy & Microanalysis 2005. Honolulu, Hawaii 31 July-4 August 2005.

Gilliam, D.S., Spieler, R.E., Jordan, L.K.B., Monty, J.A., Fisher, L.E., Banks, K., and Dodge, R.E. 2004 Long-term monitoring of coral communities and reef fish assemblages off southeast Florida, USA. AAUS 2004, San Diego, Ca.

Ferro, F., Jordan, L.K.B, Arena, P.T., and Spieler, R.E. 2004. Coral reef fish assemblages offshore Broward County, Florida: a baseline data set for determining need and evaluating effectiveness of management strategies. Proc. 10th Int. Coral Reef Sym., Okinawa, Japan. (Oral presentation by Lance Jordan)

Patterson, R.B., Jordan, L.K.B., Bryan, D.R., and Spieler, R.E. 2004. A comparison of reef fish assemblages on the east and west sides of central Eleuthera, Bahamas. Proc. 57th Annual Gulf and Caribbean Fisheries Institute Meeting, St. Petersburg, Florida, USA.

Jordan, L.K.B., and Spieler, R.E. 2004. Implications of natural variation of fish assemblages to coral-reef management. Proc. 1st Nat. Conf. Ecos. Rest. Orlando, FL. December 6-December 10, 2004.

Arena, P.T., Jordan, L.K.B., Quinn, T.P., Hemphill, A.H., Bryan, D.B., Buskirk, B. and Spieler, R.E. 2003 Fish colonization of a newly deployed vessel-reef off southeast Florida: preliminary results. Proc. 56th Annual Gulf and Caribbean Fisheries Institute Meeting, Tortola, BVI. ,p>

Sherman, R.L., Sulikowski, J. and R.E. Spieler. 2003. Examination of structural differences in gill vasculature among some batoid elasmobranchs using corrosion casting and SEM. International Workshop for Advances in Vascular Casting. 12-15 July 2003. Salzburg, Austria

Sherman, R.L., D.S. Gilliam and R.E. Spieler. 1997. Depth associated spatial variation in fish recruitment on small artificial reefs. Annual Meeting of the Society for Integrative and Comparative Biology. 4-8 January 1998, Boston, Massachusetts. Amer. Zool.

Gilliam, D.S., R.L. Sherman, K. Banks, and R.E. Spieler. 1997. The importance of post-settlement competition on juvenile reef fish recruitment in South Florida. 77th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists, June 25-July 1, 1997, Seattle, Washington.

Gilliam, D.S., R.L. Sherman, and R.E. Spieler. 1997 The importance of post-settlement predation on juvenile reef fish recruitment in south Florida. Annual Meeting of the American Fisheries Society, August 25-29, 1997, Monterey, California.

Gilliam, D.S., R.L. Sherman, K. Banks, and R.E. Spieler. 1997 Artificial reef studies of Broward County. 17th Annual Meeting of the Florida Chapter American Fisheries.

Gilliam D.S. and R.E. Spieler 1996. Juvenile fish recruitment on south Florida reefs. 8th International Coral Reef Symposium. 71.

Gilliam D.S., R.L. Sherman and R.E. Spieler. 1996. Fish recruitment to artificial reefs in shallow and deep water off southeast Florida. ASIH 76 Annual Mtg. 153.

Banks, K. and R. E. Spieler, 1996. Collaboration of environmental managers and academic scientists in an artificial reef program: the Broward County experience. Org.Wildlife Fish.Info.Manag. Annual Mtg.

Gilliam D.S., R.L. Sherman and R.E. Spieler. 1996. Fish recruitment to artificial reefs in shallow and deep water off southeast Florida. ASIH 76 Annual Mtg. 153

Gilliam D.S. and R.E. Spieler 1996. Juvenile fish recruitment on south Florida reefs. 8th International Coral Reef Symposium. 71.

Mattioli, R., C.A. Nelson, J.P. Huston and R.E. Spieler 1996. Reinforcing properties of chlorpheniramine in goldfish. Soc. for Neurosciences, 26 Annual Mtg. 29.

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